13 publications found
Ex Post evaluation of the 2011 European Capitals of Culture (Tallinn and Turku).
Evaluation Finland English, Finnish
This article compilation and the Turku 2011 research activities presented in it are founded on the concept of the European Capital of Culture. The functional model portrayed in this work can be adapted to other urban development wherever there is a desire to develop the urban environment through multidisciplinary cultural, social and economic co-operation.
Evaluation Portugal English
Guimarães has hosted, during the year of 2012, one of the European Capital of Culture (ECOC). The evaluation of the event is needed as public, private and community funds are involved. The approach considers the tourists (domestic and international) as external and independent stakeholders who assessed the cultural activities developed during the event and the attributes of the city. The results of the survey show that hosting the 2012 ECOC was a major contribution for attracting new visitors to the city, although many of them just for a short period of time. The main source of general information collected by tourists was the Internet, and the traditional media. Only a small amount of respondents demonstrated a specialized knowledge of the cultural program. The most cited and appreciated performances came from the areas of music, exhibitions, and theatre. According to the perceptions of tourists, the tangible assets were clearly detached from the set of attributes of Guimarães, including buildings, churches and chapels, whereas intangible assets were less noted. Overall, Guimarães received a very positive evaluation related to city image and stay and is highly recommended by tourists to friends and relatives.
Evaluation Portugal English
The nomination of Guimarães to host the 2012 European Capital of Culture (ECC) has put on the agenda of the city the need of measuring the effects that the implementation of this mega event could have in it and in the municipality a whole. The balance of the benefits and costs and an extended community involvement tend to reduce negative impacts and enhance positive ones. This chapter analyzes the involvement of population and local associations in the planning and organization of the 2012 Guimarães European Capital of Culture, using the coverage made during 2011 by local and national press of the mega event. A content analysis of the news published covering the period between January and December 2011 and using three newspapers was conducted. From those, two were local and weekly newspapers and one was a national daily one. Looking to data results, it can be concluded that it was poor the community involvement and, also, the one of the cultural associations in the organizations of the 2012 ECC. A strong negative reaction to the model choose to plan the mega event conducted by official organizers was found, which has cast doubts on the desirable participation of the residents and, consequently, on the success of the mega event, especially in a perspective of a medium and long term effects.
This evaluation report considers the European Capital of Culture Action in the year 2012 including the cultural programmes of the two cities designated as European Capital of Culture (ECoC) for that year: Guimarães (Portugal) and Maribor (Slovenia). The evaluation considers the relevance, efficiency and effectiveness of both 2012 ECoC throughout their “life-cycle”, i.e. from the preparation of their application, through the designation and development phase and up to the completion of their cultural programmes at the end of the title year. Consideration is also given to their likely sustainability and legacy. The evaluation then considers the relevance, efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability of the ECoC Action as a whole.
Report Slovenia English
The year of holding the title of culture capital brought a new period and new experience to Slovenia, the East Cohesion Region, Maribor and the partner towns. The Maribor 2012 institute carried out the biggest European cultural project on behalf of Maribor, Murska Sobota, Novo mesto, Ptuj, Slovenj Gradec and Velenje. The candidature for the ECoC project was lodged by the country on behalf of these cities and towns. And from that time onwards, we can witness the biggest opportunity for establishing relationships and co-operation between the city, the region and country. Uncertainties and lack of clarity regarding the selection of the appropriate organizational form at the beginning also demonstrate the fact that something new had started to happen. That we stood for a project that exceeds the boundaries of the typical practice of cooperation in Slovenia. A long-drawn-out search for solutions and the selection of an inefficient organizational form for the biggest and most recognizable European project in the Republic of Slovenia contributed to the uncertainty of execution of the year of holding the title. Unclear expectations of the stakeholders and at the same time, only a year before holding the title, the many changes in the organization have presented many doubts of how the Republic of Slovenia, the region and the city and towns would be able to justify the acquired title of the European Capital of Culture. What is more, personnel changes in almost all the Institute’s bodies, even just a month before the beginning of the ECoC year, caused confusion regarding the execution of the project. In 2011, an independent Brussels commission at the European Commission registered office verified the reality of execution of the project for the last time and the guarantees that were given by cities and the country. With a team of Maribor 2012 institute’s co-workers, we managed to persuade the independent commission, regardless of all the uncertainties, that we will be able to qualitatively realize the biggest European cultural project with the support of the cities and the country in 2012.
Claire Bullen is a PhD candidate at the Research Institute for Cosmopolitan Cultures (RICC) at the University of Manchester, UK. Her research proposal was selected by the international jury in 2010 due to its highly relevant topic and methodology. Thanks to the award Claire was able to carry out very interesting ethnographic field research in both cities. She spent several months in urban areas of Marseilles and Liverpool collaborating closely with local arts organisations, community groups and individuals, using this experience to provide insight into an important yet often overshadowed aspect of European Capitals of Culture: the impact on and the involvement of diverse communities in cities’ cultural lives. Through a multilayered comparative analysis she reveals realities, gains and missed opportunities of Liverpool and Marseilles Cultural Capitals processes and events. This publication presents not only Claire’s research process and findings but takes the reader on an exciting journey.
This is the report of the monitoring and advisory Panel following the second monitoring and advisory meeting for the 2014 European Capitals of Culture, namely Riga (Latvia) and Umeå (Sweden), which took place in Brussels on 17 April 2013.
Creative economies can establish sustainable development through co-creative cultural projects. Project management practice and particularly project governance can balance creativity and control fostering the co-creative environment that inspires and ignites innovation. The success of those cultural projects is the platform that leads to long-term development and growth. This thesis work aims to answer the following research question, “How will project governance structure provide the environment for the co-creation approach to flourish and enhance project performance?” The objective of this research is to examine how the project governance structure creates a conducive environment for the co-creation approach to burgeon and boost project performance. The authors investigate the subject by building a theoretical frame of reference, formulating a proposition and designing the research strategy in order to answer the research question. This research applies the qualitative method through semi-structured interviews based on a case study on Umeå 2014 as the ECoC. Thirteen respondents participated in this research, all of whom are members of the Umeå 2014 Project Team. As secondary data, six interviews with Umeå 2014 project owners were investigated and analysed in order to support and increase the reliability of the research findings from the primary data analysis. All primary and secondary data were analysed based on the theoretical framework. The research revealed that project governance nurtures the environment necessary for co-creation to flourish. The co-creation approach will flourish when developed within the mixture of hierarchical and relational project governance structures that foster co- creative elements. The synergy between co-creation and project governance will boost the potential to achieve sustainable development and long-term growth.
This is the report of the Monitoring and Advisory Panel following the first monitoring and advisory meeting concerning the 2016 European Capitals of Culture, namely Wrocław (Poland) and Donostia San Sebastián (Spain), which took place on 15 October 2013 in Brussels.