4 publications found
In our contemporary era, the advocacy for culture has been articulated over many fields. Within the era of late capitalism culture is now heavily incorporated in regeneration and image (re-)making strategies of cities. The European Capital of Culture (ECOC) programme has become to serve as a catalyst for urban regeneration goals in cities. Among them, Istanbul is going to be an ECOC in 2010. By that time, Istanbul has a long way to learn from former ECOCs to understand the phenomenon and practice of culture-led strategies in urban planning and development. It is crucial for Istanbul to sustain the long-lasting impact for continuity. The thesis is based on three pillars. First, it examines why cities pursue culture-led strategies in urban regeneration and how culture can contribute to urban regeneration in social and economic terms. Second, it finds out what academics, local authorities and Istanbul 2010 actors can learn from the highly debated cases of Glasgow 1990 and Lille 2004. Third, the theory and analysis of case studies of Glasgow and Lille offers projections for the Istanbul 2010 event and open space for future research on the challenges. By performing a comparative analysis of case studies, the main finding is that culture has mainly contributed to city life in short-term. However, main problems in using the ECOC as a driver for urban regeneration emerged from high economic expectations and lack of clarity in long-term projections. Also, economic and social targets have fallen short in achieving sustainability and integrity. The remedy is to assure that culture-led urban regeneration is backed up by concrete measures directed to economic and social issues separately. It is also found out that culture is way too far to solve structural problems of the city by itself.
Claire Bullen is a PhD candidate at the Research Institute for Cosmopolitan Cultures (RICC) at the University of Manchester, UK. Her research proposal was selected by the international jury in 2010 due to its highly relevant topic and methodology. Thanks to the award Claire was able to carry out very interesting ethnographic field research in both cities. She spent several months in urban areas of Marseilles and Liverpool collaborating closely with local arts organisations, community groups and individuals, using this experience to provide insight into an important yet often overshadowed aspect of European Capitals of Culture: the impact on and the involvement of diverse communities in cities’ cultural lives. Through a multilayered comparative analysis she reveals realities, gains and missed opportunities of Liverpool and Marseilles Cultural Capitals processes and events. This publication presents not only Claire’s research process and findings but takes the reader on an exciting journey.
Other Netherlands English
Leeuwarden was chosen as European Capital of Culture (ECOC) for 2018. We address, through a complexity perspective, how leisure characteristics of the ECOC can affect regional development in Frysl^an. Three aspects are identified that make leisure-led regional development complex: (i) fragmentation of the leisure sector; (ii) balance between developing leisure and protecting existing social, cultural and ecological qualities; and (iii) difficulties obtaining crossovers between leisure and broader regional development. In an analysis of policy documents for the 2018 ECOC, we observe that although the interactions central to these complexities are recognised they are not captured in the monitoring of the ECOC effects through quantified targets such as attracting four million tourists. We argue that an approach that constantly acknowledges the interactions within leisure is required for a positive effect on regional development to emerge. This necessitates a process in which targets can be adapted according to changing circumstances.
Bid book Netherlands English
at first glance, culture in Leeuwarden-Ljouwert might seem to be in decline. The economic downturn has taken its toll. However, upon closer inspection, it becomes apparent that a lot of cultural professionals and amateurs alike have taken things into their own hands. New cultural endeavours have sprung up, with smaller budgets, but with just as much, if not more, courage and vision. The historical prison, the Blokhuispoort, has been converted into a new cultural centre, and offers room to lots of independent cultural projects, and people have even turned their own living rooms into a concert venue. This new style of cultural entrepreneurialism is also starting to show in bigger projects, like the Metal festival Into the Grave, the renowned and highly popular Freeze festival, which is getting bigger every year, and this year’s Jailbreak fest. The people who make culture real, are busier than ever. For us as a band, and supported by the academy of pop and media, Leeuwarden-Ljouwert is a very exciting place to be. The city is evolving around us, and we can participate in shaping it. All in all, this proves Leeuwarden-Ljouwert is fertile ground for cultural endeavours which flourish with the energy that comes along with the city candidating European Capital of Culture 2018. It makes the city a worthy competitor for the title. Leeuwarden-Ljouwert is full of potential, and with international exposure, we can live up to it.